Wood waste utilization pdf
- Wood waste utilization pdf
- How many cubic meters of wood does one hectare have?
- What is timber harvesting?
- Who regulates wood?
- Flowchart of a lumber mill
- What can be done with pieces of wood?
- How to extract m3 of wood?
- How many cubic meters does one hectare of pine produce?
- Environmental impact of wood waste
- How much does a m3 of wood cost?
- How is the wood obtained?
- What is forest harvesting examples?
- Timber harvesting in Colombia
In this article we want to give you an overview, for which we will see the types of packaging that exist and the applications of each type. We will give real examples for a better understanding.
Imagine a bottle of water. Now imagine that it is joined to 3 more bottles by means of a shrink wrap forming a batch of 4 bottles. And finally for transport, these batches are placed on a pallet stacked to form a uniform block that is protected with stretch film.
The primary packaging, in addition to protecting, fulfills an important function of “attraction and persuasion” for consumers. It constitutes a letter of presentation of the product with a strong decisive component for customers. So much so that they may end up choosing a competitor’s product simply because the packaging is more attractive than yours.
It allows you to create unit loads by grouping several primary packages. On the one hand, for logistical purposes such as better transportation and storage. But also for branding, marketing and product display purposes as in supermarkets or retail stores.
How many cubic meters of wood does one hectare have?
The estimate of the total volume of commercial timber is almost 2,000 million cubic meters; it is believed that the virgin forest can yield, on average, between 181 to 263 cubic meters per hectare, with the exception of the southernmost part, where the average is 95 to 127 cubic meters per hectare.
What is timber harvesting?
These are activities related to the direct use of forest resources, such as wood, firewood, cork, fruit, hunting, fishing, etc., and from which an economic benefit is generally obtained.
Who regulates wood?
– Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
Flowchart of a lumber mill
Whose purpose was to build an affordable and sustainable wooden housing for students. A purpose that was realized with excellent results, an example of utility and current use in architecture where wood is the main protagonist of this story.
Many models are those that dominate the market, some more attractive than others but we want to show the ideas of an Australian architect specialist in building wooden houses, his name is Jackson Clements Burrows. Many awards endorse him and his work offers a different look at the world of architecture:
Houses built with wood of which we could say… I want one! It is necessary to remember that the majority of wood houses are made with prefabricated and modules. In this sense we already spoke in the article on prefabricated housing that we shelled all the ins and outs of prefabricated houses made of wood and other materials.
If you want more information on the characteristics of how it works in pillars, beams, foundations, etc.. You can consult this manual from HERE. And we leave the following excellent video about the myths that circulate about this noble material:
What can be done with pieces of wood?
So easy returns with a variety of proposals to make at home: small shelves, frames for picture frames and mirrors, candle and vase complements, cup holders, pictures… And all this only with strips or scraps of wood.
How to extract m3 of wood?
If we find a piece of wood or a quarter and we want to know how much VOLUME it has? The procedure is the following, multiply the three dimensions, the thickness by the width and the length in this way we will have the volume of the piece to which the measurement was made.
How many cubic meters does one hectare of pine produce?
Generally, two commercial thinnings are carried out, leaving a final density of 300 to 500 trees per hectare. In each thinning, an average of 30 to 70 m3/ha is extracted.
Environmental impact of wood waste
Royal Decree 1376/2003, of November 7, 2003, which establishes the sanitary conditions for the production, storage and marketing of fresh meat and its derivatives in retail trade establishments.
Royal Decree 147/1993, of January 29, 1993, establishing the sanitary conditions for the production and marketing of fresh meat, and Royal Decree 1904/1993, of October 29, 1993, establishing the sanitary conditions for the production and marketing of meat products and certain other products of animal origin, exclude from their scope of application the cutting and storage of fresh meat, as well as the preparation of meat products and other products of animal origin destined for human consumption carried out in retail stores, or in premises adjacent to these points of sale, to supply or supply directly to the consumer.
On the other hand, Royal Decree 1916/1997, of December 19, establishing the sanitary conditions applicable to the production and commercialization of minced meat and meat preparations, and Royal Decrees 2087/1994, of October 20, 1543/1994, of July 8, and 2044/1994, of October 14, which establish the sanitary conditions for the production and commercialization of fresh poultry meat, rabbit meat, farmed game meat and wild game meat, respectively, also exclude these retail stores from their scope of application.
How much does a m3 of wood cost?
This list includes poplar, Pinus pinaster, eucalyptus, Scots pine and insigne pine, with an average price per cubic meter (VAT not included) of 40.69 €/m3, 16.49 €/m3, 19.05 €/m3, 21.03 €/m3 and 20.70 €/m3 respectively.
How is the wood obtained?
To manufacture wood, a series of transformations are carried out, from its extraction in the forests as raw material, to the obtaining of planks as material to manufacture products. … The steps involved are: felling, cutting, transportation, sawing and drying.
What is forest harvesting examples?
Exploitation of forest, fish and wildlife resources. Of the goods provided by forests, jungles and scrublands, the most exploited is timber. … The states of Durango, Chihuahua and Michoacán have the highest timber production in the country, and mainly exploit pine and oak trees.
Timber harvesting in Colombia
In fact, the europallet is the result of this standardization. But outside this standard, other pallets can be found, such as those illustrated below, which although they may have similar external measurements to those of the europallet, they are not manufactured with the same criteria, so their resistance may not be adequate or expected.
There is a wide variety of supports available on the market that differ from type 1, 2 and 3 (both in size and construction). All of them present difficulties when stored on racks or when handled by some handling elements, which requires specific treatments and the placement of complementary parts on the racks.