Is arms embargo a type of sanction?


Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Thursday gave his clearest indication yet that the United States would seek to impose sanctions on Iran under the U.N. framework if an arms embargo against the Middle Eastern country expires.

Pompeo told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that the United States would introduce a resolution to extend the embargo against Iran “in the near future” and that “we hope it will be met with the approval of other members of the P5,” or the five permanent members of the Security Council.

The United States had previously said it has the authority for a ‘snap back” of UN economic sanctions that were lifted as part of a deal reached by major powers with Iran over restrictions on Tehran’s nuclear program.

Trump has since repeatedly denounced the deal, but Pompeo argues that the U.S. remains a “participant” in the agreement – with the right to re-impose UN sanctions for violations – as included in the 2015 resolution.

Arms Contracts

Mexico has been a member state of the United Nations since November 7, 1947 and in this capacity, in accordance with Article 25 of the Charter of the United Nations (UNC), is obligated to comply with the Resolutions issued by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), which are legally binding within the framework of our legislation.

The Resolutions issued by the UNSC oblige the member states to apply measures to restore international peace and security, based on Chapter VII of the UNSC entitled “Action in Cases of Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace or Acts of Aggression”.

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In this regard, Article 41 of the UN Charter establishes the power of the UNSC to impose sanctions in order to prevent a further threat to international peace and security. In practice, the sanctions imposed by the UNSC are:

Because both terrorism and its financing and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction are considered serious threats to the maintenance of international peace and security, the UNSC has issued various Resolutions in order for member states to adopt measures to prevent and counter the aforementioned scourges.

Friends of arms true story

Like recourse to armed force, Security Council sanctions are based on Chapter VII of the Charter concerning “action in the event of a threat to the peace, breach of the peace and acts of aggression”. The use of sanctions, explicitly provided for in Article 41, enables the Security Council to request Member States to apply coercive measures in order to give effect to its decisions and thus contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security. The various sanctions regimes adopted by the Council can be equated with political instruments designed to ensure the maintenance of peace and security.

In practice, the objective of sanctions is to exert political and/or material pressure on an actor… Since the first measures taken against Southern Rhodesia in 1966 and South Africa in 1970, the Security Council has increasingly resorted to sanctions in more and more varied situations: intervention in an armed conflict, unblocking a political process, the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or the fight against terrorism.

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Weapons Contracts Uses

The consequences of being found guilty of sanctions non-compliance are severe. Some major financial institutions have been hit with multi-million dollar fines and settlements with U.S. and British regulatory agencies for sanctions non-compliance.

Insurers are also concerned about the impact of sanctions violations. Lloyd’s of London examined the issue following suspicions that some members may have breached international sanctions through insurance and reinsurance contracts. In turn, increasing pressure is being placed on exporters of products and services to ensure that they do not expose their creditors and insurers to sanctions risks.

Sanctions as a regulatory compliance issue came to light when several international companies were identified by the UN as having failed to comply with sanctions against Iraq under the Oil-for-Food program. Numerous oil and gas utilities, infrastructure and engineering companies were consequently prosecuted and convicted of sanctions non-compliance.