What are punitive grades?

Qué es la evaluación punitiva

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La indagación aquí planteada intenta poner de manifiesto los vínculos y complicidades entre dos tipos de racionalidad que entendemos como dos caras de la colonialidad pedagógica: la razón evaluativa y la razón punitiva. Al pensar en este asunto, es difícil entender una sin que la otra opere de alguna manera más o menos visible según el caso. Por ello, explorar estos vínculos en algunos discursos educativos del siglo XX aportará fuertes elementos de análisis que mostrarán hasta qué punto se relacionan y atraviesan nuestro presente. Así, podemos observar cómo la razón punitiva es parte de la razón valorativa que no sólo judicializa los vínculos pedagógicos dentro de las instancias educativas, sino que distintas formas de violencia, crueldad y castigo también marcan su deseo inclusivo. Esto también invita a pensar en la importancia de interrumpir la sinonimia instalada por la modernidad/colonialidad entre educación y evaluación, como principal modo de resistencia a los regímenes pedagógicos que protocriminalizan lo considerado “anormal”, condenan el error y juzgan toda potencia de alteridad. Finalmente, hay una defensa del error como parte constitutiva de lo que somos y como intento de pensar en una justicia (pedagógica) de la alteridad.

What is punitive assessment?

Teacher performance evaluation is one of the central aspects of the current educational reform. … If the teacher is not evaluated, he/she is automatically dismissed without responsibility for the authority; 2) the evaluation is punitive because it is done without informing and training teachers.

What is punitive in education?

On the other hand, the term punitive refers to the intention and action of punishing a person, as would be the case of a person who breaks the law or for an act of revenge.

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What is the misnamed educational reform?

The President reiterated that the misnamed educational reform of the neoliberal period “is part of the agenda that was defined abroad… These imposed measures were called ‘structural reforms’, promoted by international financial organizations and were used to deceive, to manipulate”.

Restorative pedagogy

At first, the authorities present evaluation as a “means of good management”, that is, to have competent teachers as a quality imperative and to train obedient teachers as a political imperative. There is a whole disciplinary power whose main purpose is to straighten behaviors. How this occurs is illustrated below:

(b) Evaluation also brings individuality into a documentary field. Evaluation places teachers in a constant surveillance, as in a writing network. It introduces teachers into a series of documents that capture and immobilize them. The power of writing or of the documentary is an essential element in disciplining subjects. For example, if a teacher’s results are unsatisfactory, the documentary archive captures this situation and it is through these documents that the teacher’s future is traced. The same happens with teachers with outstanding evaluations. When the teacher is captured through writing, two things happen: 1) the subject appears as an object that can be analyzed and described in order to reduce it to specific traits and 2) there is a constitution of a comparative system that allows the measurement of global phenomena, the description of groups, the estimation of the deviations of individuals with respect to each other.

Who promoted the misnamed educational reform?

This proposal, promoted by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, also eliminates the dubious concept of “quality”, which has been used by neoliberal governments to dismantle public schools and incorporate a purely business vision, without taking into account the social, pedagogical and educational needs of the public sector.

What did AMLO do with the Education Reform?

– Diagnostic exams are eliminated in order to obtain and maintain a teaching position. -Preference is given to graduates of teacher training schools, the National Pedagogical University and the Teacher Training Centers to obtain a teaching position in the Public Education Service.

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What has Andrés Manuel López Obrador done in education?

A scholarship program was implemented to support everyone, especially those who have less. The Benito Juárez Universal Scholarship and the Jóvenes Escribiendo el Futuro program are already in operation. Creation of 100 public universities. And we are working to achieve zero rejection for admission to higher education.


According to the opinion of the draft decree by which the Regulatory Law of Article 3 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is issued, in matters of Continuous Improvement of Education, the diagnostic evaluations will be “formative and integral” and will not have labor consequences, which was established in Articles 18, 21 and 22 of the law, which must be discussed in the plenary of the Chamber of Deputies.

Article 21 establishes that teachers from elementary to high school education provided by the State will receive education, training and professional updating, which will have curricular value, and will be subject to a diagnostic evaluation, through which their “strengths and areas of opportunity” will be detected.

Meanwhile, Article 18 establishes that the teacher evaluation will assess the fulfillment of the responsibilities of the educational authorities regarding the attention to the problems of the schools and the progress of the policies they carry for the fulfillment of their obligations in educational matters.

What does Morena propose regarding the Education Reform?

With the approval of the Education Reform, Morena promotes universal, inclusive, public, free and secular education.

What happened to the 2019 Education Reform?

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador celebrated the cancellation of the education reform and the approval of a new reform in the Chambers of Deputies and Senators and in more than half of the state legislatures.

What is the new Education Reform 2021?

The Education Reform implemented in 2013 was reformed by the Government of López Obrador and the result was a National Education Agreement that will be implemented from the 2021-2022 school year and has become known as the New Mexican School. …

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What are punitive grades? 2022

It is basically this statement that we will discuss in this article. What is the role of the disciplinary sanction in the safety of our healthcare system? Does the threat or application of a punitive sanction help or hinder efforts to increase system safety? Where should the line be drawn?

How then do we reconcile the tension between the non-punitive culture (where blame is not the issue) and the need to take responsibility and sanction? In his classic book “Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents”, James Reason introduces the concept of “Just Culture” as follows:(2)

The “Just Culture” model addresses two central questions: 1) What is the role of punitive sanctioning in the safety of our system of care, and 2) Does the application of punitive sanctioning benefit or detract from efforts to increase patient safety? The model recognizes that complex systems (and the health care system is) are essentially unsafe and that humans are bound to make mistakes. Given that premise, human errors and adverse events should be considered outcomes to be measured and monitored with the goal of reducing them to improve the system. Their concealment would be more serious than their occurrence.