Which of the following is a major difference between the symbolic Interactionist Si and functionalist perspectives on deviance?

George herbert mead symbolic interactionism

We daily hear in the media as well as in social and family gatherings, adjectives such as abnormal, deviant, weird, threatening, applied to individuals. The intention of these words is to give us information about the personal characteristics of some with a negative connotation. Given this situation, it is worth asking ourselves what it is that is identified as deviant or what are the causes for some individuals to adopt contrasting behaviors and, finally, if those who are labeled as deviant really are or if this classification is simply derived from a socially constructed label. Throughout this paper, three authors who have analyzed deviance from different perspectives will be analyzed and put into dialogue. First, the perspectives of Howard Becker’s symbolic interactionism and Pierre Bourdieu’s symbolic violence will be presented. These perspectives will then be contrasted with the arguments of Jon Elster, who tries to explain deviance by resorting to analysis from the individual level based on the postulates of rational choice.

What is symbolic interactionism according to Blumer?

According to Herbert Blumer, who coined the term symbolic interactionism in 1938, its main premises are as follows: People act on the objects in their world and interact with other people on the basis of the meanings that objects and people have for them. That is, on the basis of symbols.

How does symbolic interactionism influence society?

Therefore, symbolic interactionism is based on three central considerations about interaction and society: first, it attributes to the individual the capacity for action to interpret the world (the world is not “given”); second, it maintains that actor and world are dynamic processes of reciprocal constitution….

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Where did symbolic interactionism originate?

Origin. It is a concept that was born in the Chicago School and although George Herbert Mead is considered its maximum representative, the sociologist Herbet Blumer was the first to coin the term in 1969.

Symbolic interactionism characteristics

The sociology of deviance is the branch of sociology that deals with the study of the consensus on social norms, the acts and behaviors that deviate from these norms and the system of social control built to avoid such deviations.[1] Deviance is a fundamental issue in sociology and since the birth of this discipline has been one of its main concerns.

Deviance is a fundamental issue in sociology and since the birth of this discipline has been one of its main concerns.[1] In this sense, the main sociological currents have given their interpretation of the how and why of non-compliance with social norms.

This relativistic approach to deviance, which characterizes sociology, had already been anticipated by some thinkers. It is worth mentioning the French philosopher Pascal, who declared as early as the 17th century:

Main article: Social normThe concept of deviance is intimately linked to the concept of norm, since it is from the norm that a behavior deviates. Therefore it is stated that where there is no norm there can be no deviation.[1][1

What does person-building process mean for symbolic interactionism?

In the current of symbolic interactionism, the individual is both subject and object of communication, while personality is formed in the process of socialization by the reciprocal action of objective and subjective elements in communication.

What are the 3 premises of symbolic interactionism?

Three basic aspects for symbolic interactionism derive from all this: i) the focus is on the interaction between the social world and the social actor; ii) to see both the social actor and the social world as dynamic processes and not as static structures; iii) the great competence attributed to the actor to …

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Who is the author of symbolic interactionism?

Herbert Blumer in 1937 developed the concept of what today is known as symbolic interactionism, from a theoretical point of view, it has three premises consisting of the following postulates: a) Human beings orient their actions towards things according to what they mean, b) The meaning of things arises …

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In the social scientific field, it is understood that this theory arises from Charles Sanders Pierce’s pragmatism paradigm, migrating the utilitarian and reactive perspective of signs in semiotics to anthropology, sociology, etc. [1]

Other important premises are: the distinction between internal and external behavior presupposes that the individual is constituted by social interaction (formation of the self-conscious social self), and that it is not possible to understand the self without the other nor vice versa, and that groups and society are constituted on the basis of the symbolic interactions of individuals while making them possible.

From Mead’s self-conscious social self, the specular self develops as the subject with the capacity to interact with himself, to become the object of his attention, thus forging a coherent image of himself (his interests, expectations, ideas, sensations, feelings, etc.) which he places in interaction with others. In the course of this interaction, the first thing that each participant brings into play, together with his specular self, is his definition of the communicative situation (set of meanings or definitions).

What does symbolic interactionism teach us?

Symbolic Interactionism is a theoretical current that arises in sociology (but quickly moved to anthropology and psychology), and studies interaction and symbols as key elements to understand both individual identity and social organization.

What is an interactionist approach?

Social interactionism is an approach to educational psychology that brings together ideas from cognitive psychology and humanism. From this perspective, it is considered that people learn and make sense of the world around them through the interactions in which they participate from the moment they are born.

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How does interactionism approach harmony?

As a theoretical perspective on socialization, interactionists emphasize the harmony that exists between the individual and the social environment, as two sides of the same coin, where one cannot exist without the other.

Harold garfinkel

George H. Mead (1863-1931) is often considered the founder of symbolic interactionism. However, the term symbolic interactionism is due to Herbert Blumer. This is probably due to the fact that, despite the fact that he published

Based on the idea of social dramaturgy and using concepts such as actor, character, performance, facade, backstage, medium, personal facade, appearance and manners, Goffman analyzes social relations in everyday life.

The starting point is internalization, but objectification (internalization of contents taken for granted) and externalization (internalization is not possible without communication) are also involved. The contents of a culture